What is Web Hosting? – Why do You Need It?

Web Hosting – Why do You need it?
When you want to make a website, you need two things: web hosting and a domain name.

What is Site Hosting or Web hosting?

web hosting

Any site consists of files that should be stored on a server with Internet access before they can be accessed by users (internet). Depending on the type of language used by the site that will be placed on a server, the latter will be able to interpret that code before being sent to the user.

Examples: if the site is dynamic and is built in PHP and MYSQL, will need a server that will have these two types of server software installed and configured.

Server Hosting can be build at home using your computer using XAMPP if you have a good stable internet  connection . However is better to use free hosting , because it offers much better conditions  to host your website.

Why use Free Hosting to Host Your Website Instead of Hosting it on Your Computer?

Better uptime (the time that the server will be turned on and accessible on the Internet).
Better resources (even a free web hosting  will perform better than your computer because they are specifically designed to handle these types of services).
Better internet bandwidth (if you plan to have thousands of visitors / day your home internet definitely not meet these users).

The best solution is to buy web hosting from a reliable web hosting company.
In this way you will get more resources. And your website will be always online.

There are companies that offer web hosting sites under certain contractual conditions. Usually these companies offer servers that run on certain operating systems (the most common being Linux and Windows) and some interpreted languages site (PHP, Java, Ruby on Rails, ColdFusion or ASP.NET) with some types of databases (MySQL, PostgreSQL). On these types of servers you can easily install  e-commerce sites (online stores), blogs or forums. All paid web hosting plans come  with a control panel from which you can configure everything your website: adding / editing subdomains, emails, databases, accessing files, logs, configuration programs server, cron-jobs, web page builder,  installing scripts CMS automatically, etc.

Types of Web Hosting:

  • Shared web hosting
  • Reseller web hosting
  • Virtual Private Server (VPS)
  • Dedicated Server Hosting

Shared Web Hosting  is the type of web hosting where multiple websites (clients) are hosted on the same server. These sites use shared system resources (disk space, RAM, CPU, etc.). This is the most used type of web hosting. It is recommended to only use this hosting to host sites that consume fewer resources, gender presentation websites, online stores, blog, etc.

Reseller Web Hosting is the type of web hosting, where account owner can re-sell system resources (disk space, bandwidth control, etc.) to third parties. Reseller hosting is mostly used by web design companies and web developers.

VPS  Hosting (Virtual Private Server)  is a virtual machine that shares a platforms hardware resources with other VMs. However, a VPS is allocated own resources – memory, CPU, disk – has its own operating system and works independently, similar to a dedicated server, allowing the holder to configure it according to their needs.

Dedicated Server. A dedicated server (as the name suggests) is a professional hosting solution. It’s used by only one client.
The biggest advantage of opting for a dedicated server is mainly due to the fact that the entire number of resources is yours only, so you will not have to share them with other users.
Any dedicated server gives us the ability to fully configure it according to the needs that we have. In addition, we will be able to opt for the desired operating system.
Dedicated servers are intrinsically much safer than any other mode of hosting, given that resources are not shared with other customers.

The only disadvantage of a dedicated server is the price, which unlike a shared hosting is slightly higher.

What is a Domain Name?

A domain name is a unique array of characters, synonymously ascribed to an IP address.
IP addresses can be assigned multiple domain names. The domain name is unique. There can’t exist multiple websites using the same name and extension. For example is unique.

Internet users can access a web site just by typing in the address bar of the browser they use the domain name, the process being similar to downloading files Output of the site’s source code on his computer.

The most popular extensions at the moment are: .COM ,  .NET ,  . ORG , . IFNO, .BIZ , . MOBI.
All extensions are managed by an existing TLD (Top Level Domain).

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